Flora and Fauna in Rajaji National Park

Rajaji National Park, situated in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, is renowned for its diverse and rich ecosystem, encompassing a variety of flora and fauna. The park spans an area of approximately 820 square kilometers and is located in the Shivalik range. Here is a closer look at the notable flora and fauna in Rajaji National Park.


  1. Sal Forests (Shorea robusta): Sal trees dominate the landscape, forming extensive sal forests. These deciduous trees are not only aesthetically pleasing but also provide a crucial habitat for various wildlife species.
  2. Bamboo Groves: The park features bamboo thickets that provide shelter and sustenance to several species. These groves contribute to the overall biodiversity of the park.
  3. Mixed Deciduous Forests: Rajaji National Park is characterized by mixed deciduous forests that host a variety of tree species such as Semul (Bombax ceiba), Khair (Acacia catechu), and Mahua (Madhuca longifolia).
  4. Riverine Vegetation: Along the park’s rivers and water bodies, you can find unique riverine vegetation, including a mix of trees, shrubs, and grasses that thrive in these riparian habitats.
  5. Grasses and Herbs: The forest floor is covered with a diverse array of grasses and herbs, creating a rich undergrowth that supports herbivores and contributes to the overall biodiversity of the park.
  6. Phulwari Grasslands: The park features expansive grasslands known as “Phulwari,” providing a distinct habitat that supports various herbivores and serves as grazing grounds.


  1. Asian Elephants: Rajaji National Park is famous for its population of Asian elephants. These majestic animals roam freely in the park and are a key species for conservation efforts.
  2. Tigers: While not as densely populated as in some other national parks, Rajaji is home to a growing population of tigers. The elusive nature of these big cats adds an element of excitement to wildlife sightings.
  3. Leopards: Leopards are also present in the park, utilizing the diverse terrain for their hunting activities. Their camouflage and adaptability make them challenging to spot.
  4. Deer Species: The park is home to various deer species, including Spotted Deer (Chital), Sambhar Deer, and Barking Deer. These herbivores play a crucial role in the park’s food chain.
  5. Goral: A small and agile mountain goat species, the Goral, is found in the higher elevations of the park, navigating the rocky terrain with ease.
  6. Wild Boars: Commonly seen in the park, wild boars are an integral part of the ecosystem, contributing to the natural balance by foraging on the forest floor.
  7. Himalayan Black Bear: Although sightings are relatively rare, the park is home to the Himalayan black bear, showcasing the diversity of larger mammalian species.

Avian Diversity:

  1. Great Hornbill: The park is a haven for birdwatchers, with sightings of the majestic Great Hornbill, known for its large size and distinctive beak.
  2. Pied Hornbill: Another notable bird species, the Pied Hornbill, adds to the avian diversity with its striking black and white plumage.
  3. Asian Paradise Flycatcher: This beautiful bird with its long tail and vibrant plumage is a common sight, adding to the charm of the park’s birdlife.
  4. Water Birds: The rivers and water bodies in Rajaji National Park attract a variety of water birds, including kingfishers, herons, and egrets.


In conclusion, Rajaji National Park stands as a testament to the delicate dance between flora and fauna, a symphony of nature’s wonders. As visitors explore its breathtaking landscapes and encounter its diverse inhabitants, they become not just spectators but active participants in the ongoing saga of conservation and coexistence.

FAQs related to Flora and Fauna in Rajaji National Park

1. What is Rajaji National Park known for?

Rajaji National Park is renowned for its diverse flora and fauna, including a significant population of Asian elephants, tigers, leopards, and various species of deer. The park is a haven for wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers.

2. How large is Rajaji National Park?

Rajaji National Park spans an expansive area of approximately 820 square kilometers. It is situated in the Shivalik range in the state of Uttarakhand, India.

3. What types of forests are found in Rajaji National Park?

The park is characterized by mixed deciduous forests, sal forests dominated by Sal trees (Shorea robusta), and riverine forests. These diverse forest types contribute to the rich biodiversity of the region.

4. What is the significance of the Phulwari grasslands in Rajaji National Park?

The Phulwari grasslands in the park serve as vital grazing grounds and habitat for various herbivores. These expansive grasslands contribute to the overall biodiversity and are essential for the park’s ecosystem.

5. What are some notable bird species found in Rajaji National Park?

Rajaji National Park is home to a variety of bird species, including the Great Hornbill, Pied Hornbill, and Asian Paradise Flycatcher. The park’s rivers and water bodies also attract water birds such as kingfishers, herons, and egrets. Birdwatchers find the park to be a captivating destination for avian diversity.

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