Common Tailorbird in Rajaji National Park

Nestled in the foothills of the Himalayas, Rajaji National Park is a haven for nature enthusiasts and wildlife photographers alike. Spanning across the states of Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh in India, this national park is renowned for its diverse flora and fauna. Among its many avian residents, the Common Tailorbird (Orthotomus sutorius) stands out as a fascinating and ubiquitous species.

Discovering the Common Tailorbird

This Tailorbird, known for its small size and distinctive tailoring behavior, is a common sight in the dense undergrowth and scrub forests of Rajaji National Park. Despite its diminutive stature, this bird is easily recognizable by its olive-green plumage, white underparts, and the conspicuous long tail that gives it its name. Male and female tailorbirds look quite similar, with slight differences in plumage intensity.

Habitat and Behavior

Within Rajaji National Park, this Tailorbird thrives in a variety of habitats ranging from moist deciduous forests to riverine vegetation. It prefers dense shrubbery and thickets where it can forage for insects and spiders. One of the most fascinating behaviors of this bird is its nest-building technique. The tailorbird sews together large leaves using plant fibers or spider silk, creating a cup-shaped nest that offers protection from predators.

Common Tailorbird
Common Tailorbird

Breeding Season and Vocalizations

During the breeding season, which typically spans from March to August, male tailorbirds become more vocal. Their melodious calls, often described as a series of loud, ringing notes followed by a trill, resonate through the park’s foliage. These calls serve multiple purposes, from attracting mates to defending territories.

Importance in the Ecosystem

Common Tailorbird
Common Tailorbird

As insectivores, Common Tailorbirds play a crucial role in controlling insect populations within the park’s ecosystem. By preying on insects like caterpillars, beetles, and spiders, they help maintain the delicate balance of biodiversity.

Conservation Status and Threats

While this Tailorbird is currently categorized as a species of least concern on the IUCN Red List, habitat loss due to human activities such as agriculture and urbanization poses a potential threat to its population. Efforts to conserve Rajaji National Park and its diverse habitats are therefore essential in ensuring the continued survival of not only the tailorbird but also numerous other species that call this park their home.

Common Tailorbird
Common Tailorbird

Birdwatching Tips

For birdwatchers visiting Rajaji National Park, spotting the Common Tailorbird can be a delightful experience. Early mornings and late afternoons are ideal times for birdwatching when the park is alive with the calls and activities of various avian species. Patience and a keen eye are key to observing these agile birds as they flit among the foliage.


In conclusion, Rajaji National Park offers a rich tapestry of biodiversity, with the Common Tailorbird adding its unique charm to the avian diversity of the region. Whether you are a seasoned ornithologist or a casual nature enthusiast, witnessing the intricate nest-building behavior and hearing the melodious calls of this Tailorbird is a memorable experience that captures the essence of wildlife in this pristine sanctuary.

Common Tailorbird
Common Tailorbird

Visiting Rajaji National Park not only provides an opportunity to connect with nature but also reinforces the importance of conserving these natural habitats for future generations to enjoy. As we continue to appreciate and protect the habitats of species like this Tailorbird, we contribute to the preservation of our natural heritage.

So, pack your binoculars and camera, and embark on a journey to discover the enchanting world of this Tailorbird in Rajaji National Park—a true paradise for bird lovers and conservationists alike.

FAQs About the Common Tailorbird

1. What is the Common Tailorbird?

The Common Tailorbird (Orthotomus sutorius) is a small songbird found in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. It is named for its unique nest-building behavior, where it sews together large leaves using plant fibers or spider silk.

2. Where can I find this Tailorbird in Rajaji National Park?

This Tailorbird inhabits dense shrubbery and thickets within the park, particularly in moist deciduous forests and riverine vegetation. Look for them among bushes and low branches where they forage for insects.

3. What does this Tailorbird look like?

The bird has olive-green upperparts, white underparts, and a distinctive long tail. Both males and females exhibit similar plumage, with slight differences in intensity.

4. What is the behavior of this bird during the breeding season?

During the breeding season, which typically spans from March to August, male Common Tailorbirds become more vocal. Their calls are loud, ringing notes followed by a trill, used for attracting mates and defending territories.

5. How does the Common Tailorbird build its nest?

The Common Tailorbird constructs its nest by stitching together large leaves using plant fibers or spider silk. This nest-building behavior is unique among birds and serves to provide protection for their eggs and chicks.

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